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Table 1 Two views of technology

From: A conceptual framework for integrated STEM education

Engineering perspective of technology Humanities perspective of technology
Technology consists of: Technology can be viewed as:
 • A distinct body of knowledge  • More than a sum of tools, instruments, artifacts, processes, and systems
 • An activity or a way of doing  • Influences the structure of the cultural/ social order regardless of its user intentions
 • Design, engineering, production, and research procedures  • Serving human values and influence value formation
 • Physical tools, instruments, and artifacts  • Autonomous social and economic forces that often override traditional and competing values
 • Organized integrated systems and organizations that are used to create, produce, and use technology  • Capable of unanticipated positive as well as destructive social and economic consequences
  1. Based upon Herschbach 2009