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Table 5 Statistics for the paths in the proposed model

From: A model for examining middle school students’ STEM integration behavior in a national technology competition

Hypothesis Pathway β t value f2 Outcome
H1 Attitude → BI 0.51 4.98*** 0.317 Supported
H2 Subjective Norm → BI − 0.04 0.33 0.001 Rejected
H3 PBC → BI 0.36 2.97** 0.174 Supported
H4 PBC → STEM-IB 0.39 4.24*** 0.237 Supported
H5 BI → STEM-IB 0.45 4.01*** 0.316 Supported
  1. PBC perceived behavioral control, BI behavioral intention, STEM-IB STEM integration behavior
  2. **p < 0.01
  3. ***p < 0.001