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Table 4 Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) models with goodness-of-fit indexes (n = 1276)

From: Validation of the Mathematics Motivation Questionnaire (MMQ) for secondary school students

  Model 1 Model 2
No. of free parameters 110 105
Fit index
 Chi-square 1776.8 789.2
 df 160 142
 p  < 0.001  < 0.001
RMSEA 0.089 0.060
90% CI (0.085, 0.093) (0.056, 0.064)
CFI 0.943 0.977
TLI 0.933 0.972
SRMR 0.062 0.037
No. of factors 5 5
No. of items 20 19
Factors IV (3 items) IV (3 items)
  SR (4 items) SR (4 items)
  SE (4 items) SE (4 items)
  UB (4 items) UV (4 items)
  TA (5 items) TA (4 items)
  1. Model 1 is from the EFA solution; Model 2 excludes Item 15 from Model 1; RMSEA root-mean-square error of approximation, CI confidence interval, CFI comparative fit index, TLI Tucker–Lewis index, SRMR standardized root mean square residual, IV intrinsic value, SR self-regulation, SE self-efficacy, UV utility value, TA test anxiety, MV mathematics motivation