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Table 10 The finalized version of MMQ

From: Validation of the Mathematics Motivation Questionnaire (MMQ) for secondary school students

Construct ID Item
Intrinsic value 1 I enjoy learning math
22 I find learning math interesting
27 I like math that challenges me
Self-regulation 8 I put enough effort into learning the math
5 If I am having trouble learning the math, I try to figure out why
9 I use strategies that ensure I learn math well
26 I prepare well for math tests and quizzes
Self-efficacy 21 I am confident I will do well on math assignments and projects
28 I am confident I will do well on math tests
24 I believe I can master the knowledge and skills in the math course
29 I believe I can earn a grade of “A” in the math course
Utility value 11 I think about how the math I learn will be helpful to me
19 I think about how I will use math I learn
10 I think about how learning math can help me get a good job
17 I think about how learning math can help my career
Test anxiety 6 I become anxious when it is time to take a math test
4 I am nervous about how I will do on the math tests
13 I worry about failing math tests
14 I am concerned that the other students are better in math