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Table 2 One-way ANOVAs by student division, n = 278

From: Engineering students’ attitudinal beliefs by gender and student division: a methodological comparison of changes over time

Factor Mean (s.d.) F-stat p value Effect size
Lower, n = 163 Upper, n = 115
Attainment value 4.52 (0.60) 4.31 (0.80) 6.58 0.0108 0.02
Utility value 4.39 (0.71) 4.01 (0.85) 15.59 0.0001* 0.05
Self-efficacy 4.01 (0.58) 3.94 (0.72) 0.75 0.3867 0.00
Interest 4.54 (0.57) 4.12 (0.91) 22.23 0.0000* 0.07
Identity1 5.11 (1.27) 4.83 (1.19) 3.44 0.0646 0.01
  1. *An asterisk indicates statistical significance at p = 0.0083
  2. 1Indicates a response scale of 1–8. All others are 1–5