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Table 1 Description and examples of the MDL components and stages

From: Person-centered analysis of factors related to STEM students’ global awareness

  Acclimation Competency Proficiency
Knowledge Limited and fragmented knowledge.
Example: Basic awareness of poverty as an important global problem.
More cohesive domain knowledge principled in structure.
Example: Knowledge about poverty in different regions of the Word.
Broad and deep knowledge.
Example: Knowledge and understanding about the factors leading to poverty in different regions of the Word.
Strategic processing Surface-level strategies: The implicit acceptance of information and memorization as isolated and unlinked facts.
Example: Fact-finding in a text or Internet about poverty.
A mixture of surface-level and deep processing strategies.
Example: Perform a web search to see a particular solution is applied in a current situation.
Deep processing strategies: Critically evaluate the problem, given facts, and alternatives.
Example: Analyze a dilemma about poverty from different cultural or economic perspectives.
Interest Situational interest: Spontaneous, transitory, and environmentally activated interest that is associated with increased attention when a new topic is introduced.
Example: Read an online article about poverty as a part of a class assignment.
Increased individual interest due to increased engagement in a domain.
Example: Perform a web search to learn more about poverty.
Individual interest: Long-term, deepening, personal connection to a domain, which in turn inspires further exploration of the domain.
Example: Voluntarily attend a seminar or workshop about poverty.