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Table 3 Comparing Studio STEM participants and non-participants before program implementation

From: The effects of an afterschool STEM program on students’ motivation and engagement

Variable Group n M SD t df p
College plans Studio STEM 19 5.53 1.26 −0.11 119 .916
  Non-participants 102 5.60 0.99    
Attainment value Studio STEM 19 5.07 0.76 3.58 119 .001
  Non-participants 102 4.34 1.05    
Interest value Studio STEM 19 4.55 1.25 1.57 119 .127
  Non-participants 102 4.05 1.45    
Utility value Studio STEM 19 4.63 1.28 1.75 119 .094
  Non-participants 102 4.08 1.14    
Competence beliefs Studio STEM 19 4.81 1.06 1.34 119 .193
  Non-participants 102 4.45 1.03