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Table 1 Increasing levels of integration (adapted from Vasquez et al., 2013)

From: STEM education K-12: perspectives on integration

Form of integration Features
1. Disciplinary Concepts and skills are learned separately in each discipline.
2. Multidisciplinary Concepts and skills are learned separately in each discipline but within a common theme.
3. Interdisciplinary Closely linked concepts and skills are learned from two or more disciplines with the aim of deepening knowledge and skills.
4. Transdisciplinary Knowledge and skills learned from two or more disciplines are applied to real-world problems and projects, thus helping to shape the learning experience.