Skip to main content

Table 2 Descriptive statistics and correlations of study variables

From: A social cognitive perspective on gender disparities in self-efficacy, interest, and aspirations in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM): the influence of cultural and gender norms

  1 2 3 4 5
1. Self-efficacy in STEM     
2. Interest in STEM 0.67***    
3. Academic and career aspirations in STEM 0.63*** 0.75***   
4. Traditional gender role beliefs 0.11*** 0.14*** 0.13***  
5. Conformity to social norms 0.14*** 0.03 0.06** 0.06**
Cronbach’s α 0.67 0.94 0.78 0.87 0.72
Range 1–5 1–5 1–5 1–5 1–4
Mean 3.56 3.45 3.28 3.08 2.99
SD 0.81 1.10 0.97 0.82 0.55
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001