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Table 4 Results of the discriminant validity analysis

From: A model for examining middle school students’ STEM integration behavior in a national technology competition

  Attitude Subjective norm PBC BI STEM-IB
Attitude 0.82 0.65 0.44 0.71 0.60
Subjective Norm 0.62 0.71 0.65 0.46 0.55
PBC 0.39 0.54 0.85 0.59 0.70
BI 0.63 0.47 0.53 0.85 0.71
STEM-IB 0.54 0.52 0.63 0.66 0.82
  1. The square root AVE values are in bold; the results for the Fornell–Larcker criterion are below the diagonal and those of the Heterotrait–Monotrait ratio are above the diagonal
  2. PBC perceived behavioral control, BI behavioral intention, STEM-IB STEM integration behavior