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Table 3 Results of the measurement model analysis

From: A model for examining middle school students’ STEM integration behavior in a national technology competition

Factor Item Loading CR AVE Cronbach’s α Rho_A
Attitude    0.90 0.68 0.84 0.84
  ATT 1 0.82     
  ATT 2 0.82     
  ATT 3 0.86     
  ATT 4 0.80     
Subjective norm    0.83 0.50 0.78 0.78
  SN1 0.70     
  SN2 0.75  
  SN3 0.77  
  SN4 0.68  
  SN5 0.64     
Perceived behavioral control    0.91 0.72 0.87 0.87
  PBC1 0.78     
  PBC2 0.89  
  PBC3 0.87  
  PBC4 0.84  
Behavioral intention    0.94 0.72 0.92 0.92
  BI1 0.88     
  BI2 0.89  
  BI3 0.85  
  BI4 0.83  
  BI5 0.81  
  BI6 0.81  
STEM integration behavior    0.93 0.66 0.92 0.92
  STEM-IB1 0.79     
  STEM-IB 2 0.81  
  STEM-IB 3 0.78  
  STEM-IB 4 0.80  
  STEM-IB 5 0.80  
  STEM-IB 6 0.84  
  STEM-IB 7 0.87