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Table 8 Summary of all models—significant independent variables

From: STEM doctoral students’ skill development: does funding mechanism matter?

  External fellowship Internal fellowship Teaching assistantship Career alignment
Research skills
Model 3
(−)** (−)* (−)*** (+)***
Teamwork/project management skills
Model 6
(−)*** (−)* (−)*** (+)***
Peer training and mentoring skills
Model 9
(−)*** n.s. (+)*** (+)***
Communication skills
Model 12
(−)*** n.s. n.s. (+)***
  1. (−) indicates a negative regression coefficient and (+) indicates a positive regression coefficient
  2. n.s. not significant
  3. *p \(\le\) 0.05, **p \(\le\) 00.01, ***p \(\le\) 0.001