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Table 5 Logistic regression of teamwork and project management skills

From: STEM doctoral students’ skill development: does funding mechanism matter?

n = 719 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6
Gender (ref. = man)    
Woman 0.85
(0.14)
0.90
(0.15)
0.89
(0.16)
Race (ref. = White)    
Asian 1.96**
(0.44)
2.00**
(0.46)
1.96**
(0.48)
Black 0.60
(0.29)
0.69
(0.34)
0.70
(0.37)
Hispanic 1.50
(0.43)
1.71
(0.50)
1.60
(0.49)
Citizenship (ref. = U.S. citizen)    
Non-U.S. citizen 1.22
(0.27)
1.08
(0.25)
1.22
(0.30)
Ph.D. field (ref. = engineering)    
Biological sciences 0.69
(0.19)
0.69
(0.20)
0.67
(0.20)
Math 0.26***
(0.10)
0.34**
(0.13)
0.34**
(0.14)
Physical science 0.70
(0.15)
0.75
(0.16)
0.85
(0.20)
Institution (ref. = public)    
Private 0.74
(0.18)
0.83
(0.21)
0.94
(0.26)
Year in doctoral program (ref. = year 1)    
Year 2 1.31
(0.32)
1.26
(0.32)
0.99
(0.27)
Year 3 1.13
(0.27)
1.15
(0.28)
1.02
(0.27)
Year 4 1.44
(0.37)
1.49
(0.40)
1.35
(0.38)
Year 5 1.47
(0.44)
1.46
(0.45)
1.65
(0.53)
Year 6 1.56
(0.85)
1.42
(0.79)
1.65
(0.96)
Year 7 or more 1.23
(0.76)
0.97
(0.59)
0.73
(0.48)
Research group (ref. = yes)    
No 0.28***
(0.10)
0.30***
(0.11)
0.24***
(0.10)
Unsure 0.58
(0.32)
0.60
(0.34)
0.62
(0.37)
Two or more funding sources 1.30
(0.30)
1.42
(0.34)
1.55
(0.38)
Primary funding (ref. = research assistantship)    
External fellowship   0.37***
(0.09)
0.27***
(0.07)
Internal fellowship   0.56*
(0.13)
0.54*
(0.13)
Teaching assistantship   0.31***
(0.07)
0.37***
(0.09)
Career alignment    4.20***
(0.78)
Constant (intercept) 1.11
(0.25)
1.78*
(0.44)
0.93
(0.25)
Pseudo-R2 8.2% 11.7% 18.4%
  1. In models with engineering doctoral students only, all results are comparable.When interacting primary funding with career alignment there were no significant findings (see Appendix 4)
  2. *p \(\le\) 0.05, **p \(\le\) 00.01, ***p \(\le\) 0.001