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# Table 9 Initial version of the Math Motivation Questionnaire (MMQ)

From: Validation of the Mathematics Motivation Questionnaire (MMQ) for secondary school students

Intended construct | ID | Item |
---|---|---|

Intrinsic value (5 items) | 1 | I enjoy learning math |

16 | The math I learn is more important to me than the grade I receive | |

22 | I find learning math interesting | |

27 | I like math that challenges me | |

30 | Understanding math gives me a sense of accomplishment | |

Attainment value (3 items) | 3 | I like to do better than the other students on the math tests |

7 | Earning a good math grade is important to me | |

15 | I think about how my math grade will affect my overall grade point average | |

Self-regulation (5 items) | 5 | If I am having trouble learning the math, I try to figure out why |

8 | I put enough effort into learning the math | |

9 | I use strategies that ensure I learn math well | |

20 | It is my fault if I do not understand math | |

26 | I prepare well for math tests and quizzes | |

Self-efficacy (5 items) | 12 | I expect to do as well as or better than other students in the math course |

21 | I am confident I will do well on math assignments and projects | |

24 | I believe I can master the knowledge and skills in the math course | |

28 | I am confident I will do well on math tests | |

29 | I believe I can earn a grade of “A” in the math course | |

Utility value (7 items) | 2 | The math I learn relates to my personal goals |

10 | I think about how learning math can help me get a good job | |

11 | I think about how the math I learn will be helpful to me | |

17 | I think about how learning math can help my career | |

19 | I think about how I will use math I learn | |

23 | The math I learn is relevant to my life | |

25 | The math I learn has practical value for me | |

Test anxiety (5 items) | 4 | I am nervous about how I will do on the math tests |

6 | I become anxious when it is time to take a math test | |

13 | I worry about failing math tests | |

14 | I am concerned that the other students are better in math | |

18 | I hate taking the math tests |