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Table 5 Parameter estimates of the final CFA Model (Model 2) with items as listed in Appendix: Table 10

From: Validation of the Mathematics Motivation Questionnaire (MMQ) for secondary school students

Construct Item Unstandardized Standardized
Factor loading (R)a SE Factor loading (R)a SE
Intrinsic value 1 1.000 N.A 0.868 0.011
22 1.014 0.019 0.880 0.009
27 0.964 0.019 0.837 0.012
Self-regulation 5b 1.000 N.A 0.531 0.024
8 1.408 0.072 0.747 0.019
9 1.471 0.073 0.780 0.017
26 1.287 0.065 0.683 0.019
Self-efficacy 21b 1.000 N.A 0.844 0.011
24 0.951 0.018 0.803 0.013
28 1.044 0.016 0.882 0.009
29 0.953 0.019 0.805 0.013
Utility value 10b 1.000 N.A 0.868 0.009
11 1.009 0.014 0.875 0.009
17 1.018 0.014 0.883 0.009
19 0.910 0.016 0.789 0.013
Test anxiety 4b 1.000 N.A 0.852 0.016
6 0.800 0.028 0.682 0.019
13 0.965 0.027 0.822 0.015
14 0.709 0.028 0.604 0.021
  1. aAll 19 factor loadings are statistically significant with p < 0.05
  2. bThe item was used as a marker indicator to scale the latent factor, so the factor loading was set to 1.0 (a constant) and the standard error (SE) was set to 0.0 (i.e., N.A. not applicable), respectively, as no sample estimates were involved, which is the default in Mplus