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Table 4 Kendall rank coefficient correlations between appraisal, emotional, and informational support and three measures of engagement: buy-in, surface engagement, and deep engagement

From: Measuring supports from learning assistants that promote engagement in active learning: evaluating a novel social support instrument

  Appraisal support Emotional support Informational support Buy-in Surface engagement Deep engagement
Appraisal support   < 0.0001 < 0.0001 < 0.0001 0.005 < 0.0001
Emotional support 0.66   < 0.0001 < 0.0001 0.0003 < 0.0001
Informational support 0.62 0.61   < 0.0001 0.0009 < 0.0001
Buy-in 0.33 0.33 0.36   < 0.0001 < 0.0001
Surface engagement −0.08 −0.11 −.10 −.14   < 0.0001
Deep engagement 0.29 0.29 0.31 0.44 −.21