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Table 2 Components of a theory of change and examples of change theory and research that could inform them

From: Change theory and theory of change: what’s the difference anyway?

Component of theory of change Description Examples of change theory and research
Context Identifying, describing, and relating parts of a system Teacher-Centered Systemic Reform
Four Frames
Outcomes, Preconditions, Rationales What is to be achieved, what intermediate steps are required, and why 4I Framework
Theory of Planned Behavior
Indicators Measurements of outcomes and preconditions to determine if they are being achieved Social Network Analysis
Analysis of STEM Teaching Practices
Interventions Activities required to achieve a particular outcome River Model
Departmental Action Teams
Assumptions Implicit knowledge about the context and how change works Appreciative Inquiry
Community Cultural Wealth