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Table 2 Mean agreement with the survey statement for the treatment group

From: How to foster the formation of STEM identity: studying diversity in an authentic learning environment

Statement Pre-survey mean (SD) Post-survey mean (SD) Direction change P value
Being a scientist is an important part of my self-image. 3.17 (0.92) 3.78 (1.11) Increase 0.02
I often see images of high-achieving woman scientists in museums or other public spaces. 2.72 (0.90) 3.28 (0.96) Increase 0.02
Today’s complex problems require interdisciplinary solutions. 3.82 (0.73) 4.41 (0.80) Increase 0.00
Today’s complex problems require scientists to work effectively in teams. 4.06 (0.90) 4.59 (0.71) Increase 0.02
I often hear or read about high-achieving female scientists. 2.82 (0.95) 3.44 (1.03) Increase 0.06
I have come to think of myself as a scientist. 2.88 (1.05) 3.41 (1.00) Increase 0.05
My ethnic identity is an important part of my being a scientist. 2.24 (0.90) 2.82 (0.95) Increase 0.10
My gender identity is an important part of my being a scientist. 2.59 (1.42) 3.41 (1.28) Increase 0.04
I often see images of high-achieving scientists of color in museums or other public spaces. 2.47 (0.94) 3.12 (0.49) Increase 0.02
I often see images of or read about high-achieving woman scientists in textbooks. 2.47 (1.07) 3.12 (1.05) Increase 0.03
Often, the people in the Lyman Briggs community trust me with things that are important to them. 3.06 (0.83) 3.47 (0.72) Increase 0.09
I am a scientist. 3.06 (1.20) 3.71 (1.21) Increase 0.08
People of the Lyman Briggs community count on me to be there in times of need. 2.76 (0.90) 3.35 (1.00) Increase 0.01
My chances of succeeding later in life depend on doing well in college. 4.29 (0.92) 3.65 (1.17) Decrease 0.04
  1. Students responded on a Likert scale of 1–5, with 1 being strongly disagree and 5 being strongly agree