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Table 3 Estimation of variance between and within schools and intraclass correlation (ρ)

From: Do inquiry-based teaching and school climate influence science achievement and critical thinking? Evidence from PISA 2015

Region Between-school variance Within-school variance ρ
Colombia .04 1.53 .03
Bogotá .09 1.41 .06
Manizales .05 1.40 .04
Medellín .09 1.62 .05
Cali .06 1.59 .04
  1. Dependent variable: critical thinking