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Table 2 Definitions of engineering by each association

From: Conceptual framework of STEM based on Japanese subject principles

AssociationDefinition of engineering
Review Committee on Educational Programs in Engineering (1998)Academic discipline
Engineering Academy of Japan (2006)Academic discipline
“Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for Study of Technology” (ITEA, 2000)The profession of or work performed by an engineer
“Technology and Engineering Literacy” (National Assessment Governing Board, 2013)Systematic and often iterative approach
National Academy of Engineering (2008)Profession
The Royal Academy of Engineering (Malpas, 2000)Knowledge and process