Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Four pre-established codes with refined sub-codes

From: Teachers’ perception of STEM integration and education: a systematic literature review

Teachers
• Professional development
• Prior experiences with STEM
• Working in collaborative teams
• Time (not enough)
• Knowledge of STEM disciplines
• Teachers’ value of STEM education
Students
• Student struggles
• Enjoyment of STEM activities
• Student concerns
District
• Support systems
• Assessments
• Structural issues
Curriculum
• Cross-curricular integration
• Application activities
• Curriculum materials
• STEM pedagogy