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Table 4 Results for science at eighth grade

From: Socioeconomic gaps in science achievement

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Coeff. S.E Coeff. S.E Coeff. S.E Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E.
Income 0.23*** 0.01    0.14*** 0.02 0.10*** 0.02 0.03+ 0.02
High school    0.04 0.04 0.08 0.09 0.07 0.08 0.03 0.02
Some college    0.31*** 0.06 0.26*** 0.03 0.25*** 0.03 0.03 0.02
Bachelor    0.57*** 0.06 0.30*** 0.03 0.30*** 0.03 0.06 0.04
Graduate    0.59*** 0.07 0.29*** 0.03 0.28*** 0.03 0.04* 0.02
Gender      0.10*** 0.01 0.08*** 0.02 0.05*** 0.01
Age      0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 − 0.03 0.03
Black      − 0.12*** 0.02 − 0.12*** 0.02 − 0.07*** 0.02
Hispanic      − 0.03** 0.06 − 0.03** 0.02 − 0.04* 0.01
Asian      0.03* 0.01 0.02** 0.01 − 0.01 0.01
Other races      − 0.02 0.03 − 0.05*** 0.01 − 0.03* 0.01
No English      − 0.04* 0.01 − 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01
Married      0.01 0.08 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01
Town      − 0.01 0.02 − 0.01 0.02 − 0.01 0.02
Sub urban      − 0.03 0.00 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02
Small urban      0.03 − 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.02
Large urban      0.01 − 0.01 − 0.00 0.02 − 0.01 0.02
Catholic      − 0.05* 0.02 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01
Other Rel      − 0.04+ 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.01
Other Priv      0.01 0.02 0.02* 0.01 0.01 0.01
Opp. in home        0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01
Opp. out home        0.04* 0.02 0.01 0.01
Years teaching        0.02+ 0.02 − 0.01 0.01
Trained teach        0.02 0.02 − 0.00 0.02
Science time        0.04* 0.02 0.03 0.03
5th grade Math          0.15*** 0.02
5th grade Reading          0.12*** 0.03
5th grade Science          0.61*** 0.02
Intercept 6.16*** 0.25 6.48*** 0.42 − 1.09 0.57 − 2.01 4.16 1.30*** 0.29
Random
Residual variances 0.95*** 0.01 0.94*** 0.01 0.91*** 0.01 0.92*** 0.01 0.91*** 0.01
R-square 0.05   0.06   0.09   0.29   0.69  
  1. ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05; +p < 0.10. Coeff = standardized coefficient