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Table 3 Results for science at fifth grade

From: Socioeconomic gaps in science achievement

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E.
Income 0.24*** 0.02    0.11*** 0.02 0.09*** 0.02 0.06 0.09
High school    0.16* 0.07 0.13*** 0.08 0.12*** 0.03 0.01 0.02
Some college    0.34*** 0.03 0.27*** 0.03 0.27* 0.08 0.05+ 0.02
Bachelor    0.41*** 0.03 0.31*** 0.03 0.31* 0.08 0.07** 0.02
Graduate    0.40*** 0.03 0.30*** 0.03 0.30** 0.11 0.06*** 0.02
Gender      0.14*** 0.01 0.13*** 0.01 0.05*** 0.01
Age      0.05*** 0.01 0.05** 0.01 − 0.03** 0.01
Black      − 0.13*** 0.02 − 0.12*** 0.07 − 0.03** 0.02
Hispanic      − 0.02** 0.01 − 0.02** 0.07 − 0.01 0.02
Asian      0.02 0.04 0.03 0.04 − 0.02 0.01
Other races      − 0.01 0.01 − 0.01 0.03 − 0.02 0.01
No English      − 0.06* 0.07 − 0.04** 0.01 0.03 0.02
Married      0.01 0.08 0.14+ 0.08 0.01 0.02
Town      − 0.01 0.02 − 0.01 0.02 − 0.02+ 0.01
Sub urban      0.04 0.04 0.03 0.04 − 0.02 0.02
Small urban      0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02 − 0.03 0.01
Large urban      0.03 0.05 − 0.03 0.02 − 0.03 0.02
Catholic      − 0.06** 0.02 − 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.01
Other Rel.      − 0.05* 0.02 0.00 0.02 0.01 0.01
Other Priv.      0.02+ 0.01 0.02* 0.01 0.02* 0.01
Opp. in home        0.04** 0.05 0.04 0.01
Opp. out home        0.04* 0.05 0.02 0.01
Years teaching        0.00 0.03 0.01 0.01
Trained teach        0.03 0.03 0.00 0.01
Science Time        0.04** 0.02 0.02* 0.01
3rd grade Math          0.17*** 0.02
3rd grade Reading          0.16*** 0.04
Science          0.56*** 0.03
Intercept 4.75*** 0.19 4.11*** 0.36 − 2.64 2.60 3.41 2.60 0.30 0.84
Random
Residual variances 0.94*** 0.01 0.93*** 0.01 0.89*** 0.01 0.90*** 0.01 0.88*** 0.01
R-square 0.06   0.07   0.11   0.30   0.67  
  1. ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05; +p < 0.10. Coeff = standardized coefficient