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Table 2 Results for science at third grade

From: Socioeconomic gaps in science achievement

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E. Coeff. S.E.
Income 0.24*** 0.02    0.12*** 0.02 0.10*** 0.02 0.04* 0.02
High school    0.13 0.09 0.10 0.09 0.11 0.09 0.01 0.02
Some college    0.27*** 0.03 0.21*** 0.03 0.21*** 0.03 0.01 0.02
Bachelor    0.36*** 0.03 0.27*** 0.03 0.27*** 0.03 0.04+ 0.02
Graduate    0.37*** 0.02 0.27*** 0.02 0.26*** 0.03 0.05* 0.02
Gender      0.14*** 0.02 0.14*** 0.01 0.11*** 0.01
Age      0.10*** 0.01 0.09*** 0.01 − 0.03** 0.01
Black      − 0.13*** 0.01 − 0.12*** 0.02 − 0.05*** 0.01
Hispanic      − 0.05*** 0.01 − 0.05*** 0.02 − 0.02+ 0.01
Asian      0.01 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Other races      − 0.01 0.02 − 0.01 0.02 − 0.02 0.01
No English      − 0.07*** 0.05 − 0.06* 0.02 − 0.03** 0.01
Married      0.01 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02* 0.01
Town      0.03+ 0.02 − 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01
Sub urban      0.02 0.04 − 0.01 0.03 0.00 0.02
Small urban      0.08* 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02
Large Urban      0.02 0.04 − 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.01
Catholic      − 0.10*** 0.02 − 0.01 0.01 − 0.03* 0.01
Other Relig.      − 0.06* 0.02 − 0.02 0.2 − 0.02+ 0.01
Other Priv.      − 0.01 0.02 0.02* 0.01 0.02** 0.01
Opp. in home        0.06*** 0.01 0.04*** 0.01
Opp. out home        0.05** 0.01 0.02* 0.01
Years teaching        0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Trained teacher        0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Science time        0.01 0.02 0.02+ 0.01
1st grade Math          0.16*** 0.01
1st grade Reading          0.15*** 0.01
1st grade Science          0.60*** 0.01
Intercept 3.88*** 0.15 3.29*** 0.05 − 6.49*** 1.80 − 4.62 * 2.35 − 2.62 2.40
Random
Residual variances 0.94*** 0.01 0.93*** 0.01 0.86*** 0.01 0.87*** 0.01 0.43*** 0.01
R-square 0.06   0.06   0.13   0.31   0.57  
  1. ***p < 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05, +p < 0.10. Coeff = standardized coefficient