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Table 5 Social network metrics t test results comparing leaders, possible leaders, and non-leaders

From: Finding the leaders: an examination of social network analysis and leadership identification in STEM education change

  Leaders Maybe Leaders Non-Leaders
Data collection no. 1 2012 Degree centrality
F(2, 57) = 8.30*
0.18 ± 0.02
(N = 42)
0.09 ± 0.02
(N = 24)
0.1 ± 0.009
(N = 75)
Reach centrality
F(2, 138) = 7.75*
0.48 ± 0.04
(N = 42)
0.30 ± 0.04
(N = 24)
0.31 ± 0.03
(N = 75)
Data collection no. 2 2013 Degree centrality
F(2, 72) = 26.7*
0.19 ± 0.14
(N = 61)
0.1 ± 0.01
(N = 31)
0.08 ± 0.007
(N = 134)
Reach centrality
F(2, 223) = 23.5*
0.56 ± 0.03
(N = 61)
0.38 ± 0.04
(N = 31)
0.32 ± 0.02
(N = 134)
Data collection no. 3 2016 Degree centrality
F(2, 106) = 22.8*
0.17 ± 0.01
(N = 83)
0.1 ± 0.01
(N = 42)
0.08 ± 0.007
(N = 82)
Reach centrality
F(2, 204) = 25.3*
0.54  ± 0.02
(N = 83)
0.41 ± 0.03
(N = 42)
0.33 ± 0.02
(N = 82)
  Longevity Presence in network at least once at each timestamp (max. 3)
F(2, 128) = 2.65
2 ± 1
(N = 93)
2 ± 1
(N = 165)
2 ± 1
(N = 57)
  1. *p < 0.05