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Table 6 Descriptive statistics for the individual VESAS items (N = 356)

From: Development and validation of the Value-Expectancy STEM Assessment Scale for students in higher education

Item no. Wording M SD SK K
Item 1 Working in a STEM field would be a waste of my time (R) 4.54 .75 − 1.81 3.5
Item 2 I would take a course in STEM even if it were not required 3.98 .95 − 1.02 .97
Item 3 I find STEM-related jobs very interesting 4.24 .82 − 1.13 1.51
Item 4 I don’t think working in a STEM field would help me achieve my professional aspirations (R) 4.15 1.03 − 1.10 .289
Item 5 STEM is an important field for me 4.27 .77 − .95 .81
Item 6 I would enjoy working in a STEM field 4.18 .91 − 1.22 1.38
Item 7 I would rather do something else than take on a STEM-related job 3.77 1.04 − .59 − .30
Item 8 I am not interested in a degree in STEM 4.10 1.06 − 1.78 .74
Item 9 STEM is a good college major for me 4.00 1.01 − .91 .22
Item 10 STEM classes are boring 3.95 .86 − .60 .09
Item 11 Being in a STEM class would be fun for me 3.94 .89 − .92 1.02
Item 12 The idea of being in a STEM class excites me 3.85 .94 − .63 .15
Item 13 I would enjoy taking STEM courses 4.00 .87 − 1.02 1.42
Item 14 I dislike STEM courses (R) 4.03 .87 − 1.00 1.10
Item 15 I feel I have what it takes to succeed in a STEM-related job 4.07 .86 − .81 .44
Item 16 I would certainly feel useless in a STEM-related job (R) 4.19 .87 − 1.19 1.64
Item 17 I feel I have a number of good qualities to be successful in a STEM field 4.17 .74 − .99 2.18
Item 18 I don’t think I can make an impact if I take on a STEM-related job (R) 4.07 .93 1.06 .88
Item 19 I feel I would have something to be proud of as a STEM professional 4.33 .74 − 1.19 2.16
Item 20 I don’t think I will succeed in a STEM field (R) 4.07 .95 − 1.12 1.10
Item 21 I would be able to succeed in a STEM field as well as most other people 4.03 .87 − .96 1.05
Item 22 I do not think I can achieve anything meaningful as a STEM professional (R) 4.26 .83 − 1.11 1.14
  1. “R” indicates that item was reverse-coded prior to analysis
  2. M mean, SD standard deviation, SK skewness, K kurtosis