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Table 1 Final rotated factor loadings, reliability coefficients, means, standard deviations, skewness, and kurtosis

From: Development and validation of the Value-Expectancy STEM Assessment Scale for students in higher education

Item no. Item wording Factor loadings M SD SK K
1 2
Perceived value of STEM fields (α = .90)
 Item 3 I find STEM-related jobs very interesting .91 4.24 .82 − 1.13 1.51
 Item 2 I would take a course in STEM even if it were not required .86 3.98 .95 − 1.02 .97
 Item 5 STEM is an important field for me .78 4.27 .77 − .95 .81
 Item 14 I dislike STEM courses (R) .73 4.03 .87 − 1.00 1.10
 Item 9 STEM is a good college major for me .72 4.00 1.01 − .91 .22
 Item 4 I don’t think working in a STEM field would help me achieve my professional aspirations (R) .61 4.15 1.03 − 1.10 .29
 Item 19 I feel I would have something to be proud of as a STEM professional .59 4.33 .74 − 1.19 2.16
 Item 1 Working in a STEM field would be a waste of my time (R) .51 4.54 .75 − 1.81 3.50
Expectations for success in STEM careers (α = .89)
 Item 20 I don’t think I will succeed in a STEM field (R) .88 4.07 .95 − 1.12 1.10
 Item 18 I don’t think I can make an impact if I take on a STEM-related job (R) .85 4.07 .93 1.06 .88
 Item 16 I would certainly feel useless in a STEM-related job (R) .73 4.19 .87 − 1.19 1.64
 Item 15 I feel I have what it takes to succeed in a STEM-related job .70 4.07 .86 − .81 .44
 Item 21 I would be able to succeed in a STEM field as well as most other people .68 4.03 .87 − .96 1.05
 Item 22 I do not think I can achieve anything meaningful as a STEM professional (R) .66 4.26 .83 − 1.11 1.14
 Item 17 I feel I have a number of good qualities to be successful in a STEM field .65 4.17 .74 − .99 2.18
Eigenvalues 8.09 1.14     
Percentage variance (%) 53.92 7.57     
  1. Total variance explained by the two factors = 61.49%. “R” indicates that item was reverse-coded prior to analysis
  2. M mean, SD standard deviation, SK skewness, K kurtosis