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Table 6 Analysis of students’ favored career activities by mathematics self-efficacy (MSE)

From: A study of the correlation between STEM career knowledge, mathematics self-efficacy, career interests, and career activities on the likelihood of pursuing a STEM career among middle school students

  Mathematics self-efficacy score
Career activity listed in top 2 favorites 0 to 3
Low self-efficacy
4 to 5
High self-efficacy
Helping others and being concerned for welfare 146 (31.9%) 200 (57.8%)
Artistic, unusual, creative activities 230 (49.6%) 286 (45.0%)
Practical, productive, concrete activities 178 (38.7%) 247 (38.7%)
Taking responsibility, providing leadership, convincing 166 (35.9%) 235 (37.1%)
Organized into routines and having order 145 (31.2%) 233 (36.8%)
Reading, study, analysis, investigation^ 131 (28.4%) 232 (36.5%)
  1. Differences are statistically significant at the .01 level or better (^). Data weighted by grade and province. Sample size varies from 1088 to 1100 for each activity. Results show the percent within each MSE group (low or high MSE) that rated the career activity shown in their top 2 favorites. Percentages do not sum to 100%