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Table 3 Percent of questions identified for coded thinking processes for ARS questions and GIW questions in biology (BIO) and engineering (ENGR) courses. Definitions of codes are presented in Table 1

From: The role of pedagogical tools in active learning: a case for sense-making

Thinking process BIO ENGR
ARS questions
(31 questions)
GIW questions
(19 questions)
ARS questions
(15 questions)
GIW questions
(20 questions)
Immediate recall 75% 47% 7% 45%
Recognize concept(s) 25%   73%  
Compare available answers for best choice 22%   20%  
Select information from question   95% 47% 65%
Conceptual reasoning   42% 73% 5%
Quantitative reasoning   42% 60% 60%
Metacognitive thinking   32%   10%
Recall lecture information/prior knowledge   21%   85%