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Table 2 Alignment across different elements of the two courses

From: The role of pedagogical tools in active learning: a case for sense-making

  Biology Engineering
Frequency Size Purpose Frequency Size Purpose
Lecture Twice a week, 50 min 165 students Content is introduced, and students engage in ARS questions and discussions. Twice a week, 50 min 300 students Content is introduced, and example problems are solved.
ARS questions Three times a week 165 students “Check in” with students to see if they are correctly interpreting content or ask students to report their understanding of worksheet questions just completed. Once a week, 50 min Approx. 150 students/section Strengthen conceptual understanding by building on topics from lecture through ARS questions about new situations.
GIW questions Once a week, 50 min 165 students Guide students through biological models, enabling them to engage with the content using disciplinary thinking. Once a week, 50 min Approx. 30 students/section Scaffolded GIW questions reinforce problem solving skills/processes instituted in lecture.