Skip to main content

Table 3 Perceptions of science: odds ratio (95% CI), male compared to female responses

From: Adolescents as agents of healthful change through scientific literacy development: A school-university partnership program in New Zealand

Statement Time OR (male cf. female) 95% CI χ2(1) p
1. Science is about understanding the world T0 0.8 0.5–1.4 0.493 .483
T2 1.7 1.0–2.9 3.601 .058
T4 1.3 0.8–2.3 0.901 .342
2. Scientists do experiments T0 1.3 0.7–2.4 0.817 .366
T2 1.4 0.7–2.5 1.061 .303
T4 0.7 0.4–1.3 1.106 .293
3. Scientists are creative and imaginative people T0 1.9 1.1–3.3 5.872 .015*
T2 1.7 1.0–2.9 4.133 .042*
T4 2.4 1.4–4.2 9.947 .002*
4. Science is always about being sure of the answer T0 2.6 1.6–4.5 12.896 < .001*
T2 3.0 1.7–5.0 16.258 < .001*
T4 2.0 1.2–3.4 6.966 .008*
5. You can trust science T0 1.4 0.8–2.5 1.571 .210
T2 2.8 1.6–4.9 12.013 .001*
T4 2.0 1.2–3.5 6.165 .013*
6. I have done proper scientific investigation T0 1.4 0.8–2.4 1.519 .218
T2 1.0 0.6–1.8 0.025 .875
T4 1.8 1.0–3.1 4.102 .043*
  1. The effect of gender on responses was measured using ordinal logistic regression with proportional odds
  2. T0 pre-intervention, T2 6–12 weeks post-intervention, T4 12 months post-intervention
  3. *Significant  = 0.05)