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Table 4 Comparing Studio STEM participants and non-participants after program implementation

From: The effects of an afterschool STEM program on students’ motivation and engagement

Variable Group n M SD t df p
College plans Studio STEM 19 5.84 0.50 3.07 119 .003
  Non-participants 102 5.31 1.29    
Attainment value Studio STEM 19 4.93 0.93 3.51 119 .001
  Non-participants 102 4.08 1.20    
Interest value Studio STEM 19 4.61 1.22 2.88 119 .007
  Non-participants 102 3.70 1.47    
Utility value Studio STEM 19 4.70 1.07 3.93 119 < .001
  Non-participants 102 3.60 1.34    
Competence beliefs Studio STEM 19 5.26 0.68 4.10 119 < .001
  Non-participants 102 4.51 0.99