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Table 3 Skewness and kurtosis of behavior and affect distributions for study 2

From: Incorporating effective e-learning principles to improve student engagement in middle-school mathematics

   Genie 3 Genie 2
   Skewness Kurtosis Skewness Kurtosis
   (SE = 0.16) (SE = 0.31) (SE = 0.16) (SE = 0.31)
Behavior On Task—Independent −1.98 7.10 −1.11 0.60
On Task—Conversation 3.02 9.99 2.34 7.40
On Task—Proactive Remediation 2.50 6.64 4.05 16.18
Off Task 3.82 21.63 1.89 4.36
Affect Engaged Concentration −2.05 5.18 −1.09 0.97
Boredom 2.19 5.69 1.53 2.90
Confusion 3.96 17.50 2.34 5.98
Frustration 15.75 248.00 12.64 167.15
Delight 15.75 248.00
  1. Acceptable ratios of skewness and kurtosis to SE are within ±2.58. Measures in italics are within the acceptable range