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Table 1 Improved implementation of e-learning principles in the Genie 3 platform

From: Incorporating effective e-learning principles to improve student engagement in middle-school mathematics

E-Learning principle Genie 2 Genie 3
Personalization “The Genie” is a limited pedagogical agent who only provides motivation, in text only, but does use a conversational style. Virtual tutors and peers are full pedagogical agents and virtual coaches. They use conversational but polite speech, and are voiced by human narrators. Students have customizable avatars.
Modality Entirely text-based with optional text-to-speech. Prioritizes narrative, auditory instruction over text.
Redundancy Audio is matched to on-screen text word for word. Spoken narration and written text complement each other, and mostly do not match.